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Acids for the face: benefits, application and usage tips

Face acids are used in dermatology for different purposes. They can bring wonderful benefits to the skin. To clear all doubts about these darlings, we consulted Vanessa Bessa (CRM-SP: 185.757), dermatologist. Follow:

What exactly is acid?

In summary, acids are substances that bring several benefits to the skin. According to Vanessa Bessa, face acids treat melasma, acne, blemishes and fine wrinkles. They bring different results, depending on the concentration and mode of application.

7 types of acids for the face

The dermatologist claims that each facial acid has a different purpose; therefore, consultation with your doctor is essential before starting use. Vanessa listed some of the main acids for you to know a little more about them. Check out:

Glycolic acid

Glycolic acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid used in medications and peels, and it’s getting a lot of buzz in the beauty world.

  • What is it for? The specialist claims that this acid acts as a whitening agent for blemishes and melasma and can even treat acne and photoaging.
  • Cautions: People with sensitive skin should double their attention. The ideal is not to expose yourself to sunlight during treatment.

retinoic acid

Retinoic acid is derived from vitamin A and acts on cell differentiation and collagen stimulation.

  • What is it for? It is indicated for the treatment of melasma, stains, acne, photoaging, superficial scars and stretch marks.
  • Care: When using retinoic acid, it is essential to keep yourself protected from sunlight and keep your skin hydrated and refreshed.

Hyaluronic acid

It is a substance that already exists naturally in the skin and is reduced over the years.

  • What is it for? Acid with a high hydration power.
  • Care: always keep your skin hydrated and protected from the sun.

Salicylic acid

It is a beta-hydroxy acid that acts as a keratolytic, that is, it causes a superficial exfoliation.

  • What is it for? It is an acid indicated for the treatment of acne and seborrheic dermatitis.
  • Care: keeping away from sun exposure is one of the main care.

kojic acid

It is not a very popular acid yet, but it has several benefits for the skin. In addition, it helps to treat photoaging and prevent wrinkles.

  • What is it for? It is an ideal acid to lighten the skin and remove blemishes from the face.
  • Cautions: people with hypersensitivity should not use this acid; In addition, the use of sunscreen is essential.

azelaic acid

According to the dermatologist, it is an ideal acid for pimples and blackheads. It is a very popular product on the market.

  • What is it for? It is a substance that has a powerful antibacterial action; therefore, it inhibits the appearance of acne. In addition, it helps to reduce blemishes.
  • Cautions: This acid is generally recommended as an ongoing treatment and should be used correctly as directed in the recipe. In addition, the use of sunscreen is essential.

Mandelic acid

It is an acid derived from almond extract and is safer than the other acids mentioned. In general, it has a slower and smoother action.

  • What is it for? It is suitable for those who want to treat melasma stains or even use a product as an anti-aging product.
  • Care: it is an acid indicated for continuous use, but if your skin is resistant, you can include it in your routine.

According to the dermatologist, there are several acids for the face and their advantages are varied. These benefits, of course, only appear with an ongoing skin care routine.

Dermatologist answers questions

Dermatologist Vanessa Bessa also clarifies the main doubts about the use of acids for the skin of the face. She explains about the functioning, the application and who can use these acids. Follow:

Can I use it at any time of the day? According to the dermatologist, most acids should be used at night, after facial cleansing, but some can also be used in the morning, such as hyaluronic and azelaic.

Can anyone use it? From what age? Not all people can use acids. People with sensitive skin, breastfeeding and pregnant women, for example, should not continue with the treatment. The age for application must be observed according to need and substance.

What does an acid need to have? A face acid should contain vitamins and substances that do not harm the skin.

And what ingredients can he not have? Substances such as parabens and benzoyl peroxide are harmful to the skin. Also check out other substances present in dermocosmetics that you should avoid.

Can I use more than one acid at the same time? Yes, your dermatologist may indicate the simultaneous use of acids, according to their intensity.

What is the difference between using in serum, gel and creams? Serum and gel acids are more suitable for oily skin; already the acids in cream, for drier skins.

Thus, it is easier to understand what are the main functions of acids for the face and how they should be used. Take the opportunity to check out more skincare tips. And don’t forget: for healthy skin, it is essential to consult a dermatologist.


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