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5 symptoms of constipation in pregnancy and how to treat it

Constipation is one of the most common complaints in pregnancy and can become very uncomfortable during this period. To talk about it, gynecologist and obstetrician Dr. Ana Paula Mondragon (CRM 134071-SP) explained what it is, cited the main symptoms, gave treatment tips and guided when it is necessary to seek medical help. Follow the article!

What is constipation in pregnancy?

According to the obstetrician, “constipation is technically termed constipation, which is a very common digestive problem in the gestational period where women have difficulty evacuating.”

Constipation is characterized by the slowness of intestinal transit caused by low intake of water and fiber. But it can also occur due to excess progesterone hormone during the pregnancy cycle. “Symptoms tend to appear in the first few months and progressively worsen as the pregnancy progresses, due to the increase in this hormone.”

Common symptoms of constipation in pregnancy

According to Dr. Ana Paula, “to close the diagnosis of constipation
the patient must have 2 or more symptoms for a minimum period of three months throughout the year.” Being them:

  • Less than three bowel movements per week;
  • Difficulty evacuating;
  • Hard and small stools;
  • Incomplete feeling when defecating;
  • Abdominal distention (swelling).

In addition to the symptoms mentioned above, “abdominal discomfort, a feeling of “stuffiness” (full belly), pain and bleeding in bowel movements and cramps can also occur”, added the doctor.

What to do to treat constipation in pregnancy

Next, check out the main guidelines of the doctor to improve and treat this discomfort. Check it out:

  • Fiber-rich diet: Dr. Ana Paula reported that to improve constipation during pregnancy, “increase the consumption of foods rich in fiber, such as papaya, lettuce, oats, wheat germ and black rice.”
  • Drink plenty of water: water has a very important function for the body, because in addition to hydrating the body, it also lubricates the walls of the intestine, helping to move the fecal cake. Therefore, the obstetrician recommended drinking at least 2 liters of water daily to avoid constipation.
  • Consume foods rich in water: Dr. Ana Paula advised to “consume foods rich in water, such as carrots and watermelon.” These foods help to eliminate stool and relieve constipation in pregnancy.
  • Practice physical exercises: in addition to contributing to a healthy life in many ways, physical exercises also help in good intestinal functioning. Therefore, the professional also mentioned the importance of the pregnant woman practicing physical activity regularly.
  • Create a routine to go to the bathroom: another tip cited by the doctor is “go to the bathroom whenever you feel like it and create, if possible, a routine.”

Following the obstetrician’s tips, it is possible to alleviate the symptoms and treat the constipation that is so uncomfortable during pregnancy.

What to do to prevent constipation

Healthy habits can help prevent constipation during pregnancy, so the pregnant woman should “practice physical activity on a regular basis, drink lots of water and have a healthy diet”, the doctor advised. However, it is always important to have the follow-up of a professional during the gestational period.

When should I see the doctor?

The obstetrician reported that “the pregnant woman should seek the help of a professional whenever all the non-pharmacological methods mentioned are not enough to reverse the situation.”

The woman’s body undergoes several changes during pregnancy and, to take care of health, it is important to perform prenatal care following medical guidelines. Enjoy and learn all about hemorrhoids in pregnancy and prevent yourself!

Erika Balbino

Graduated in Letters and post-graduated in Digital Journalism. Passionate about books, plants and animals. She loves to travel and research other cultures. She writes on a variety of subjects, especially health, wellness, beauty and behavior.

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